Nepal at a Glance
Area: 145,391
Climate: Varies (Higher areas cold to warm, lower areas warm. Freezing temperatures at night in the high altitudes)
Electricity 220 Volts. Power outages often. A flashlight is helpful.
Currency Rupees (1US$=42.60 Rupees). American Express, Visa, and Mastercard are optional only in the larger hotels in Kathmandu. Prepare to pay for most services and goods with cash. There are bank notes in denominations of 1,000, 500, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2, and 1, and coins at values 50, 25, 10, 5, and 1 rupee.
Time Difference: Nepal is 5:45 hours ahead of GMT
Visas: All visitor must have a passport valid for at least 6 months beyond their intended stay in Nepal. For most nationalities, tourist visas valid for 15 days are issued on arrival for a fee of US$10.00. British passport holders must pay 20 pounds. This visa can be extended to 30 days at no extra cost. It may also be extended another 60 days for a fee of Rupees 75 for the 2nd month, and Rupees 150 for the 3rd month. The phone number for visa extensions at Kathmandu immigration is: 412337.
Persons intending to trek off the main highway to the hills, must obtain a trekking permit for the specific area they are planning to visit. These are color coded and require 3 passport size photos. These permits are also available at Kathmandu immigration.
Duty Free Customs: 200 cigarettes or 25 cigars, 1 litre wine and 1 litre spirits. All narcotics and obsene literature are strictly prohibited.
Foreign Exchange Control: No restrictions but excess of US$10,000 must be declared.
Health: Yellow fever vaccination required if visitor is arriving from infected area. Typhoid, Menengitis, and gamma globulin for hepatitis is advised. (Be aware of altitude sickness. This is very serious and affects even skilled travelers. If symptoms such as sleepiness, nausea, or loss of appetite surface, descend to lower altitudes immediately)

Getting There- Domestic Transport

Air: Nepal is served by most international airlines. The national air carrier Royal Nepal Air, as well as some small plane outfits operate an extensive network of domestic routes.
Buses: Long-distance ordinary non air-conditioned buses link Kathmandu with virtually all main towns. Fares are cheap yet the conditions leave a lot to be desired.

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